Jiangnan Beautiful Place, Jinling Emperors’ Hometown
Nanjing, called Ning for short, is located in the Yangtze River Delta, facing fertile Jiangsu Southern areas on the east, hills of Anhui Province on the west, Tai Lake on the south and Jianghuai plain on the north. Since it is the intersection of Yangtze River—an east-west water transport artery and Nanjing-Beijing railway—a south-north land transport artery, hence the name door of the east and west, throat of the south and north.
Furthermore, the west part of the Ningzhen range is in Nanjing; the Loong-like Zhong Mountain is curling in the east of the city; the tiger-like Stone Mountain is crouching in the west of the city, hence the name “the Zhong Mountain, a dragon curling, and the Stone Mountain, a tiger crouching”. Mr. Sun Yet-sen spoke highly of Nanjing in the Constructive Scheme for Our Country, The position of Nanjing is wonderful since mountains, lakes and plains all integrated in it. It is hardly to find another city like this. With history of over 6,000 years, Nanjing has become a famous historical and cultural city since it was established 2,500 years ago. Since the 3rd Century AD, 10 dynasties and regimes made Nanjing the capital and established the country: Wu, Eastern Jin, Southern Dynasties (Sung, Qi, Liang, Chen), Southern Tang, Ming, Taiping Heavenly Kingdom and the Republic of China, hence the titles Ancient Capital for Six Dynasties and Capital City for Ten Dynasties. The history has left abundant Chinese historical and cultural relics in Nanjing.
Nanjing belongs to the north subtropical monsoon climate zone with four seasons, plenty sunshine and rains. The average temperature of a year is 17.8 ℃ and the amount of precipitation of a year is 1034 mm.
The city tree is cedar and the city flower is plum blossom.
The spirit of citizens: open-minded, honest, philanthropic, and innovative.